About  |  contact  |  Search  |  RSS
Last Update: 15 Hour and 48 Minute ago
News code: 28528
Published Date: Monday 11 November 2019 - 15:42:28
Print 

People with mental health conditions chained, abused in Nigeria : HRW

People with mental health conditions chained, abused in Nigeria : HRW
IRAN  -  Thousands of people with mental health conditions across Nigeria are chained and locked up in various facilities where they face terrible abuse, Human Rights Watch said today.

Detention, chaining, and violent treatment are pervasive in many settings, including state hospitals, rehabilitation centers, traditional healing centers, and both Christian and Islamic faith-based facilities.

"People with mental health conditions should be supported and provided with effective services in their communities, not chained and abused," said Emina Ćerimović, senior disability rights researcher at Human Rights Watch. "People with mental health conditions find themselves in chains in various places in Nigeria, subject to years of unimaginable hardship and abuse."

President Muhammadu Buhari said in October 2019 of the Islamic rehabilitation centers that he would not "tolerate the existence of the torture chambers and physical abuses of inmates in the name of rehabilitation." But the government has yet to acknowledge that this abuse is rife in government-run facilities, too.

Between August 2018 and September 2019, Human Rights Watch visited 28 facilities ostensibly providing mental health care in 8 states and the Federal Capital Territory, including federal psychiatric hospitals, general state hospitals, state-owned rehabilitation centers, Islamic rehabilitation centers, traditional healing centers, and Christian churches. Human Rights Watch interviewed 124 people, including 49 chaining victims and their families, staff in various facilities, mental health professionals, and government officials. The names of the victims have been changed to protect their safety.

Deep-rooted problems in Nigeria's healthcare and welfare systems leave most Nigerians unable to get adequate mental health care or support in their communities. Stigma and misunderstanding about mental health conditions, including the misperception that they are caused by evil spirits or supernatural forces, often prompt relatives to take their loved ones to religious or traditional healing places.

Human Rights Watch found that people with actual or perceived mental health conditions, including children, are placed in facilities without their consent, usually by relatives. In some cases, police arrest people with actual or perceived mental health conditions and send them to government-run rehabilitation centers. Once there, many are shackled with iron chains, around one or both ankles, to heavy objects or to other detainees, in some cases for months or years. They cannot leave, are often confined in overcrowded, unhygienic conditions, and are sometimes forced to sleep, eat, and defecate within the same confined place. Many are physically and emotionally abused as well as forced to take treatments.

In a traditional healing center close to Abuja, Nigeria's capital, Human Rights Watch met a woman who was pinned to a tree trunk with an iron ring. She had been restrained like this for three weeks with her upper body naked. She was unable to move and so she was forced to eat, urinate, and defecate where she sat.

In psychiatric hospitals and government-run rehabilitation centers, staff forcibly administered medication, while some staff admitted to administering electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to patients without their consent.

In some cases, families took their children - including young adults - to religious and traditional rehabilitation centers for actual or perceived drug use or "deviant" behavior, including skipping school, smoking tobacco or marijuana, or stealing from their parents. Some children in the facilities - some as young as 10 - have been abandoned by their families.

Nigeria ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) in 2007. It has the obligation to ensure equal rights for people with disabilities, including the right to liberty and freedom from torture, ill-treatment, and forced treatment. While the Nigerian Constitution prohibits torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment, the government has not outlawed chaining. In a 2015 report, the United Nations special rapporteur on torture said that chaining "unequivocally amount[s] to torture."

The Nigerian government should ban chaining and urgently investigate chaining in state-owned rehabilitation centers, psychiatric hospitals, and faith-based and traditional healing centers in all 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory. The government should also prioritize the development of quality, accessible, and affordable community-based mental health services.

 

News Code: 28528
Published Date: Monday 11 November 2019 - 15:42:28
No Comment,Be the first one who comments.
Comments

Name

email  

website

Comment  

Security code [*]: Please enter correct answer in security box.:

 = 9-1