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Last Update: 13 Hour and 4 Minute ago
News code: 28525
Published Date: Monday 11 November 2019 - 09:43:11

Illegal sanctions directly target women and children: Iran’s Rep.

Illegal sanctions directly target women and children: Iran’s Rep.
IRAN  - In the statement made on the third cycle of UPR in Geneva on Friday, FArideh Olad Ghobad, a representative at the Parliament and Head of Women’s Fraction to the Parliament presented the developments made with respect to Iranian women’s and children’s human rights and also mentioned that during the past 40 years the US illegal sanctions have targeted women’s and children’s rights and especially during the past two years their right to health and their access to
medicine and medical treatment have been inhumanely restricted.

The statement reads as follows,

Mr. President,

I would like to thank you for the opportunity. The Islamic Republic of Iran has considered as a key factor in its national policy making, legislature and planning the improvement of the cultural, social, economic and political status of women. On behalf of the women members of the Iranian parliament, I should like to refer to some of the recent developments and achievements of the Islamic Republic of Iran in areas related to women and family affairs.

Article 101 of the Sixth National Development Plan has spotlighted gender justice in order to support the fundamental rights of women in many areas such as the right to education and research, occupation, social security and health and treatment. Effective support guarantees have been also offered in this respect in the Sixth National Development Plan.

In line with solidifying the foundation of family, articles 102 and 103 of this plan emphasizes health and supplementary insurance for mothers during all stages of pregnancy to breastfeeding as well as the development of social emergency centers, social work and psychological services to improve the family health in cooperation with the relevant NGOs. It also calls for the establishment of social security insurance for women households with priority given to women heading households.

In the area of combat violence against women and girls, new provisions have been devised and put on the agenda of the government under the title of the Act of Protection, Dignity and Security of Women Against Violence in order to criminalize new forms of assault, harassment and transgression of the rights of women and to adopt preventive and support measures to stop violence against women. Moreover, a new law has been enacted to intensify punishment for acid attackers and support acid attack victims. Also, pre-mature marriage has been criminalized as per Article 50 of the Family Protection Law.

Another bill has been adopted by the parliament to allow children born of Iranian women and foreign men to apply for Iranian citizenship. Also, a national document has been devised to provide security for women and children in social relations who are under final adoption stages.

The right to education:

In the area of education, the literacy rate has increased from 87.1 percent in 2015 to 88.8 percent in 2018. All individuals are entitled to have access to official education. The main goal of the Education Transformation Document of the Islamic Republic of Iran is to guarantee enjoyment of proper education in all districts irrespective of race and gender with an emphasis on the education of girls and vulnerable groups in less-developed areas.

The trend of women presence in higher education has been on the rise. Women account for 56 percent of the total students at Iranian universities while 24 percent of the members of the academic staff are women.

Promotion of sports

The presence and participation of women in various sports activities and their access to sports facilities and physical education have been remarkable. In this respect, 0.27 (zero point twenty-seven) percent of the nine percent Value-Added Tax is allocated to developing universal sports for rural and nomadic women and girls according to Article 94 of the Sixth National Development Plan.

Ladies and Gentlemen

Women are actively participating in the political processes of the Islamic Republic of Iran as well as in various managerial posts such as member of the parliament, minister, vice-president, advisor to minister, ambassador, director general and head of division, all to the benefit of the development and progress of the country.
Women presence in managerial roles has increased from 14.9 percent in 2017 to 18.3 in 2018. And by the end of the Sixth National Development Plan in 2021, at least 30 percent of the total managerial posts should be allocated to women.

The number of female candidates for parliamentary elections has increased by 21 times greater, resulting in a 4.5-fold increase in the number of women MPs in the Iranian parliament. Moreover, the number of women entering city and village councils has increased threefold while four thousand twenty nine women entered the previous round of council elections.

Women participation in economic activities has increased from 12.4 percent in 2016 to 16.4 percent in 2018. Extensive credits have been allocated to create jobs for vulnerable groups and women. Moreover, a portion of the funds of the National Development Fund has been allocated to rural and nomadic women and supporting the network of micro fund for rural and nomadic women. There are four thousand women entrepreneurs.

The number of women employed by the government has increased from 34.64 percent in 2009 to 41.67 percent in 2018.

Some 67.41 percent of employed women are in the government sector. There are sixty thousand female general practitioners, thirty thousand women specialists and three thousand five hundred sub-specialists across Iran. During 2011 and 2017, the recruitment of female judges has increased by approximately three percent per annum on average. There are presently more than 970 female judges in the judiciary.

Moreover, the law allows reduction of the working hours of employed women with special conditions. Article 1117 of the Civil Law is being amended in this respect.

Ladies and Gentlemen

The Iranian law has underlined the necessity of displaying a good code of behavior of parents or legal guardians with the children and preventing mistreatment. On such a basis, the Law of Supporting Juveniles and Teenagers has been drafted and is under study for adoption. I would like to refer to other measures taken in Iran to protect the rights of children:

1- Establishment of special inspection branches and criminal court branches to deal with child abuse cases in the Judiciary
2- Establishment of an SMS platform to report child abuse cases
3- Establishment of a working group to combat child abuse in 2017
4- Implementing a nationwide scheme by the Ministry of Education to prevent violence against children
5- Also, more support has been provided to orphans and street kids based on Article 78 of the Sixth National Development Plan and rehabilitating street kids and child laborers.

In addition to these measures, the following bills have been already drafted and are going through adoption:
- The bill related to provide moral compensation to the child victims of sexual crimes such as sex trade, prostitution and pornography
- The bill related to amending Article 26 and bylaw of Article 36 of the law to support children and teenagers with no or bad guardian adopted in 2013
- The bill related to amending Article 1041 of the Civil Law adopted in 2002 on the prohibition of early marriage

Ladies and Gentlemen

Effective measures have been taken with regards to persons with disabilities. They include the following:
- Adoption of the comprehensive law to support persons with disabilities
- Adoption of the national strategic document for providing accommodation for persons with disabilities
- Adoption of the Employment Law for Persons with Disabilities which obligates government departments to allocate three percent of their employment quota to such persons
- Exemption from conscription and tax for the sons of persons with disabilities
- Providing free education for persons with disabilities at all universities across Iran

In conclusion, the above achievements have been made under circumstances in which my country has been under illegal sanctions particularly during the past two years which have targeted in an inhumane manner the human rights of Iranians including women and children especially their right to health and access to medicine and medical treatment.


News Code: 28525
Published Date: Monday 11 November 2019 - 09:43:11
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