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Last Update: 7 Hour and 29 Minute ago
News code: 28513
Published Date: Friday 8 November 2019 - 16:02:11

Larijani: US sanctions obstacle to improvement of human rights

Larijani: US sanctions obstacle to improvement of human rights
IRAN  - Secretary of HCHR called “cruel economic sanctions” by the United States, as a “clear form of terrorism” that has targeted Iranians.

Here is the full text of the Secretary General of the High Council for Human Rights of the Islamic Republic of Iran:

Mr. President,

Honorable Delegations,
Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,
It is an honor for me to attend the 34th session of the UPR Working Group.

The UPR mechanism is a unique process that examines the human rights situation of all UN Member States, periodically, and provides an opportunity for improvement of the human rights situation through the adoption of the required measures. Hence, the Islamic Republic of Iran greatly values the UPR as a cooperative mechanism which considers human rights situation of all the UN member states on equal footing.

This relative fairness is quite appreciable, considering the overwhelmingly polarized and politically charged sphere of UN activities. Politicization, prejudice and political manipulation are severely damaging the reputation of UN as an international body for peaceful and civilized dialogue among nations, as well as, its credibility and effectiveness.

Based of these grievous and lamentable facts UPR is a valuable asset and should be enriched substantially and protected against activities which undermine the fair merit of this mechanism.

Mr. president,
Being party to the core international human rights instruments and treaties, Islamic Republic of Iran has taken the task of UPR reporting very seriously and invested considerable work load on it as a result, now we are very proud today for submitting a comprehensive and sophisticated report to this august meeting; while addressing almost all of the recommendations.

Mr. president,
Our report takes note of the recommendations in a constructive approach, not overlooking a kind of banality in some of recommendations. It should be mphasized that Islamic Republic of Iran has a well- defined conceptual frame and strategy for enhancing the development and enrichment of human rights deeply stemming from Islamic Rationality base of our polity.

In the glorious Quran we read:
"لقد کرمنا بنی آدم"
Which entails that the dignity of man and therefore his freedom and equality and all other rights credited to him are only by God the Almighty and nobody else!

The dignity of man is not a gift or charity of UN or any other person. Human rights is not a western creation or a European commodity to be imported to others! For us it is part and parcel of our Rationality with deep roots in Islam.

Mr. President,
Toward that end, we have promulgated major policies, adopted new laws and regulations and set up new mechanisms such as:
• Ratifying and notifying of the Charter of Citizenship Rights in
December 2016;
• Adopting the law of the incorporation of a paragraph into the Anti-Narcotics Law, November, 2015;
• Adoption of the law on the Protection of the Rights of the Persons with Disabilities, January 2018;
• Adoption of the new Criminal Procedure Code with frequent address to human rights standards, including the rights of the accused (stipulation of protective mechanisms) and the definition and prohibition of torture. Article 66 of the Criminal Procedure Code, on the role of NGOs in filing charges, in support of human rights, is also one of the most important legal innovations in this regard.

Mr. President,
The national report of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which is before you today, describes activities carried out since the second review cycle. Following the adoption of the recommendations of the second cycle, the High Council for Human Rights of the Islamic Republic of Iran, established, as the first step, the National follow-up Committee on the implementation of the accepted recommendations, comprised of representatives from relevant departments, in August 2015, and concurrently it established the NGOs' consultative Committee in same time. The recommendations were categorized, on the basis of their topics, and further notified to governmental executive departments and relevant NGOs, for implementation and presentation of reports thereof. Several meetings were held to coordinate and assess their performance.

Pursuant to the receipt of relevant reports, the drafting committee was held, with the participation of representatives of relevant departments, and upon a close scrutiny of organizations' performance and taking into consideration the views of civil society representatives, the present report was drafted.

Mr. President,
The Islamic Republic of Iran has continuously worked for the further promotion of human rights through adopting a constructive and collaborative approach. However, we have faced with challenges along the way as well.

Economic sanctions, as known as unilateral coercive measures, impede the full achievement of economic and social development, the enjoyment of number of rights contained in the Covenants (ICCPR & ICESCR) and other documents, including the right to life, health, work, development, etc.

The cruel economic sanctions by the United States, as a clear form of terrorism, have targeted the Iranian people. Withdrawal of the United States from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on 8 May 2018 and re-imposition of its unilateral sanctions against Iran and its business partners, through intimidation of other countries to prevent trade and investment, is an evident example of economic terrorism which violates the principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter, including sovereignty, independence and non-interference in the internal affairs of other States.

In this regard, on 3 October 2018, the International Court of Justice, by its Order, unanimously declared that certain rights of Iran, such as purchase of goods for humanitarian needs, are of such a nature that disregard of them may entail irreparable consequences and that the United States shall remove impediments arising from measures announced on 8 May 2018 to the free exportation of food, medicine and medical devices as well as spare parts and services needed for the safety of civil aviation to Iran. Despite the binding nature of the ICJ Provisional Measures, the United States has in practice refrained to comply with the Order and impediments not only persist, but have become more restrictive in practice.

Like sanctions, terrorism is also a flagrant contempt for human dignity and a great threat to international peace and security. The Islamic Republic of Iran, as one of the major victims of terrorism, and at the same time, as one of the strongest combatants against this phenomenon, believes that terrorism and extremism have led to gross violations of human rights and it has also threatened the political, social and economic development of nations.

Mr. President,
As in the past, Iran continues to fully participate in the international deliberations and activities for the promotion of human rights. Among other things, Iran has continually extended its cooperation to the UN Human Rights mechanism and has spared no collaborative efforts, in dealing with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

In this regard, interaction and cooperation with the mandate holders including the formal invitations extended to three Special Rapporteurs on the right to health, right to food, and unilateral coercive measures, to visit Iran and replies to communications of the special procedures, continuing to promote cooperation with the OHCHR (two high level delegations from the OHCHR visited Tehran on May 2018 and March 2019), are worth mentioning. Furthermore, an official invitation has been extended to the High Commissioner as well.

On the other hand, we conducted and continue bilateral human rights and judicial cooperation, over the past 5 years, with a number of countries, including Italy, Denmark, Brazil, Japan, Australia, Switzerland, South Africa, Indonesia and the European Union, as well as human rights consultations with China, Russian Federation, Qatar, Iraq and Germany.

Mr. President,
High ranking representatives from different sectors of the Government, are present in my delegation who will be delivering their statements in the course of our meeting. In this regard, while we have taken note of questions forwarded to us in advance, my delegation will also do its best to address the questions and constructive recommendations that distinguished delegates may put to us.
I thank you.


News Code: 28513
Published Date: Friday 8 November 2019 - 16:02:11
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