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Last Update: 8 Hour and 5 Minute ago
News code: 27057
Published Date: Monday 11 March 2019 - 10:50:14

UN special rapporteur slams 'illegal' US sanctions on Iran

UN special rapporteur slams 'illegal' US sanctions on Iran
IRAN  - The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures criticized reimposed US sanctions on Iran, saying they are illegitimate and unlawful.

'Iran is under an economic siege. The sanctions imposed through processes outside the United Nations are illegitimate. Europe considers them unlawful,' Idriss Jazairy, UN Special Rapporteur on the negative impact of the unilateral coercive measures told a panel on the margins of the 40th regular session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on Friday.

He reiterated that he has called on the UN General Assembly to ask the International Court of Justice to present its consultative opinion about the sanctions. Jazairy noted that the UN should appoint a special rapporteur on sanctions that would provide reports about the sanctions and their effects.

The Algerian diplomat slammed the US statements that call the sanctions on Iran "the worst punitive measures in the history", and said, 'Sanctions cause death as the flow of humanitarian aid has been interrupted due to disconnecting Iranian banks from the international financial messaging system, also known as SWIFT.'

Idriss Jazairy told the panel, organized by the Organization for Defending Victims of Violence (ODVV), that punitive measures create 'a climate of fear' making companies avoid trade with sanctioned countries altogether out of fear of reprisals.

He also went on to refer to the European special payment mechanism for trade with Iran, also known as the Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX), saying "it's not known if the companies that want to use the channel won't be castigated. Maybe we can find firms that don't want to trade with the US and thus be able to establish commercial relations with Iran."

For his part, Grégoire Mallard, Associate Professor of Anthropology And Sociology at the Graduate Institute Geneva and a member of the Geneva International Sanctions Network, said the INSTEX, previously called the Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) a "technical solution" that can operate with the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) licence as long as it only deals with humanitarian aid and not oil and gas trade.

Ruhollah Nasrollahi, a researcher at the University of Oxford, who was one of the panelists, harshly criticized Washington's sanctions on Iran, saying "although the OFAC has not mentioned medicine and medical devices in its sanctions list, however, these measures have been designed in a way to block any sort of trading medicine and agri-foods with Iran'.

The Iranian scholar, who holds the title of Doctor of Philosophy in Oriental Studies (Modern Middle Eastern Studies) from the University of Oxford, noted that the US renewed restrictive measures have caused a drastic price hike for special disease drugs, an increase in the number of intermediaries and lack of good quality medicine as some of the consequences of US President Donald Trump Administration's sanctions.

Nasrollahi added that 23,000 Thalassemia patients have been directly affected by the situation. He mentioned that the US sanctions have caused an interruption in import of Exjade, a drug used to treat iron overload caused by blood transfusions, has caused huge problems for Iranian patients.

The Iranian researcher proposed that UN Human Rights Council created a permanent secretariat tasked with documenting human rights violations as a result of countries' coercive and punitive actions.

Also, Peyman Raoufi, head of the UN Association of Beverly Hills and ex-founder of Child Foundation, said the entity he presides over has been sued because of sending aid to Iran.

"The foundation's main focus has been on Iran. We acquired the OFAC licence, however the American and international banks avoid financial dealing with Iran," he added.


News Code: 27057
Published Date: Monday 11 March 2019 - 10:50:14
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